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Last Updated: Apr 19, 2017 URL: Print Guide RSS UpdatesEmail Alerts

Human Trafficking Print Page

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Join the CNN Freedom Project on March 14 2017 for #MyFreedomDay — when students around the world will be holding events to raise awareness of modern slavery. Read the full story


Introduction to Human Trafficking

Human trafficking is a modern form of slavery. It involves controlling a person through force, fraud, or coercion to exploit the victim for forced labor, sexual exploitation, or both.  Human trafficking is a crime under both California state law and Federal law.


California Law

The California Legislature defines human trafficking as "all acts involved in the recruitment, abduction, transport, harboring, transfer, sale or receipt of persons, within national or across international borders, through force, coercion, fraud or deception, to place persons in situations of slavery or slavery-like conditions, forced labor or services, such as forced prostitution or sexual services, domestic servitude, bonded sweatshop labor, or other debt bondage."


Federal Law

Federal law defines trafficking in persons as "sex trafficking in which a commercial sex act is induced by force, fraud, or coercion, or in which the person induced to perform such act has not attained 18 years of age"; or "the recruitment, harboring, transportation, provision, or obtaining of a person for labor or services through the use of force, fraud, or coercion for the purpose of subjection to involuntary servitude, peonage, debt bondage, or slavery."


Community Human Traffic Awareness Events


Reporting Human Trafficking

In order to get help for yourself or someone else or to report activity that may be related to human trafficking:

Call the National Human Trafficking Resource Center toll free hotline number 1-888-373-7888 OR
Text “Help” or “Info” to BeFree (233733)

US Department of Justice Hotline 1-888-428-7581

ICE Tip Hotline 1-866-347-2423



Make sure you are on a government website or working with a reputable attorney. Unfortunately there has been an increase in immigration scams across the country. If you are working with someone, protect yourself by asking questions and checking credentials. Also, make sure to only deal with official government agencies and websites like those recommended in this guide.


The Wrong Help Can Hurt


A human trafficking victim shares story


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